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Understanding permanency and constancy in infants


During the journey of growing-up, your baby will make another important discovery that objects continue to exist even when they’re out of her sight. This is known as object permanence. During her initial few months, she believes that the world comprises only of things that is under her vision. For example when you are not around, she feels that you do not exist and when you return back, you are a new person. But when your baby turns four months, she will begin to understand that the world is more permanent than she believes. Permanency builds a sense of safety for your baby and the most important thing you can do for your baby is to make them feel safe. 1, 2

Did you know

Here are a few tips to help your baby understand permanency.2

Constancy is one of your baby’s developmental stages related to permanency. Constancy provides your baby the stability and resilience, while helping them understand themselves and others as people of multiple parts. For example, if they misbehave they know that they have done something wrong, but they are not a bad person.2

Here are some strategies to teach object permanency and imbibe constancy in your baby4

Understanding permanency and constancy
  1. Healthychildren.org. Available from: https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/Pages/Cognitive-Development-4-to-7-Months.aspx. Accessed on 21st June 2017.
  2. Lavery S. Let’s learns together.Available from: https://www.adoptionuk.org/sites/default/files/documents/LetsLearnTogetherNIMarch2013.pdf. Accessed on 21st June 2017.
  3. Texas Department of Family and Protective Services. Understanding Infant and Toddler Development. Available from: http://extensiononline.tamu.edu/online_course_material/Course223/file/understandinginfanttoddlerscript2.pdf. Accessed on 21st June 2017.
  4. Rauh S. Is Your Family Out of Control?Available from: http://www.webmd.com/parenting/features/is-your-family-out-of-control. Accessed on 21st June 2017.